|Titel||[Assessment of self-reported cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in the German National Cohort (GNC, NAKO Gesundheitsstudie): methods and initial results].|
|Jahr der Veröffentlichung||2020|
|Autoren||Jaeschke L, Steinbrecher A, Greiser KHalina, Dörr M, Buck T, Linseisen J, Meisinger C, Ahrens W, Becher H, Berger K, Braun B, Brenner H, Castell S, Fischer B, Franzke C-W, Gastell S, Günther K, Hoffmann W, Holleczek B, Jagodzinski A, Kaaks R, Kluttig A, Krause G, Krist L, Kuß O, Lehnich A-T, Leitzmann M, Lieb W, Löffler M, Michels KB, Mikolajczyk R, Peters A, Schikowski T, Schipf S, Schmidt B, Schulze M, Völzke H, Willich SN, Pischon T|
|Journal||Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz|
|Datum der Veröffentlichung||2020 Mar 10|
BACKGROUND: Data on self-reported cardiovascular and metabolic diseases are available for the first 100,000 participants of the population-based German National Cohort (GNC, NAKO Gesundheitsstudie).
OBJECTIVES: To describe assessment methods and the frequency of self-reported cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in the German National Cohort.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a computer-based, standardized personal interview, 101,806 participants (20-75 years, 46% men) from 18 nationwide study centres were asked to use a predefined list to report medical conditions ever diagnosed by a physician, including cardiovascular or metabolic diseases. For the latter, we calculated sex-stratified relative frequencies and compared these with reference data.
RESULTS: With regard to cardiovascular diseases, 3.5% of men and 0.8% of women reported to have ever been diagnosed with a myocardial infarction, 4.8% and 1.5% with angina pectoris, 3.5% and 2.5% with heart failure, 10.1% and 10.4% with cardiac arrhythmia, 2.7% and 1.8% with claudicatio intermittens, and 34.6% and 27.0% with arterial hypertension. The frequencies of self-reported diagnosed metabolic diseases were 8.1% and 5.8% for diabetes mellitus, 28.6% and 24.5% for hyperlipidaemia, 7.9% and 2.4% for gout, and 10.1% and 34.3% for thyroid diseases. Observed disease frequencies were lower than reference data for Germany.
CONCLUSIONS: In the German National Cohort, self-reported cardiovascular and metabolic diseases diagnosed by a physician are assessed from all participants, therefore representing a data source for future cardio-metabolic research in this cohort.
|Alternate Journal||Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz|