[Anthropometric measures in the German National Cohort-more than weight and height].

Titel[Anthropometric measures in the German National Cohort-more than weight and height].
MedientypJournal Article
Jahr der Veröffentlichung2020
AutorenFischer B, Sedlmeier AM, Hartwig S, Schlett CL, Ahrens W, Bamberg F, Baurecht H, Becher H, Berger K, Binder H, Bohn B, Carr PR, Castell S, Franzke C-W, Fricke J, Gastell S, Greiser KHalina, Günther K, Jaeschke L, Kaaks R, Kemmling Y, Krist L, Kuß O, Legath N, Lieb W, Linseisen J, Löffler M, Michels KB, Mikolajczyk R, Niedermaier T, Norman K, Obi N, Peters A, Pischon T, Schikowski T, Schipf S, Schmidt B, Schulze MB, Stang A, Stojicic J, Tiller D, Völzke H, Waniek S, Leitzmann MF
JournalBundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz
Datum der Veröffentlichung2020 Feb 04
ISSN1437-1588
Zusammenfassung

High levels of adiposity in the population have a major impact on various diseases, but previous epidemiologic studies have largely been restricted to simple anthropometric measures such as the body mass index (BMI), an imperfect predictor of disease risk. There is a critical need for the use of improved measures of relative weight and body composition in large-scale, population-based research.The current article presents initial descriptive results of body composition and fat distribution based on the midterm baseline dataset of the German National Cohort, which included 101,817 participants who were examined in 18 study centers in Germany between March 2014 and March 2017. The anthropometric measures encompassed body weight, height, waist and hip circumference, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), sonography of abdominal adipose tissue, 3D-body scanning, and magnetic resonance imaging.BMI analyses showed that 46.2% of men and 29.7% of women were overweight and 23.5% of men and 21.2% of women were obese. On average, women in almost all age groups demonstrated more subcutaneous adipose tissue layer thickness than men. The mean values of visceral adipose tissue layer thickness, on the other hand, were higher among men than among women in all age groups and increased continuously across age groups in both sexes.The comprehensive assessment of body composition and fat distribution provides novel future opportunities for detailed epidemiologic analyses of overweight and adiposity in relation to the development of chronic diseases.

DOI10.1007/s00103-020-03096-w
Alternate JournalBundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz
PubMed ID32020361