Higher serum asymmetric dimethylarginine is related to higher risk of heart failure in the EPIC-Potsdam study.

TitelHigher serum asymmetric dimethylarginine is related to higher risk of heart failure in the EPIC-Potsdam study.
MedientypJournal Article
Jahr der Veröffentlichung2017
AutorenWirth J, Atzler D, di Giuseppe R, Cordts K, Menzel J, Böger RH, Boeing H, Weikert C, Schwedhelm E
JournalAmino Acids
Volume49
Ausgabe1
Pagination173-182
Datum der Veröffentlichung2017 01
ISSN1438-2199
SchlüsselwörterAdult, Aged, Arginine, Biomarkers, Feeding Behavior, Female, Germany, Heart Failure, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Prognosis, Proportional Hazards Models, Prospective Studies, Risk
Zusammenfassung

<p>L-Arginine is the substrate of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase forming NO which inherits various biological cardio-protective functions. The dimethylarginines asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) can impair the synthesis of NO and are elevated in patients with cardiovascular disease, including heart failure (HF). We investigated the association between dimethylarginines and HF risk in a case-cohort study of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (n = 27,548), comprising a random subcohort (n = 2224 including 19 HF cases), and all remaining HF cases (n = 176) that occurred within 8.3 years of follow-up. Serum concentrations of dimethylarginines were measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Hazards ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated across quartiles and per doubling of ADMA and SDMA concentrations using Cox's proportional hazards regression. After multivariable adjustment, each doubling of ADMA was associated with a 60% higher HF risk (HR [95% CI] 1.60 [1.10-2.31]). Between SDMA and HF risk a U-shaped association was observed (HR [95% CI] for the second, third and fourth quartile compared to the first: 0.52 [0.33-0.82], 0.63 [0.40-0.99], and 0.71 [0.46-1.10], p for nonlinearity <0.01). We provide substantiated evidence for a relationship between ADMA and cardiovascular endpoints. In addition to the established relation between ADMA and myocardial infarction, our findings indicate a positive association between ADMA and HF incidence in persons without apparent myocardial infarction. Targeting the ADMA metabolism might open up new therapeutic perspective for HF prevention and treatment. Further investigations are needed to shed more light on mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of HF related to elevated ADMA levels.</p>

DOI10.1007/s00726-016-2348-3
Alternate JournalAmino Acids
PubMed ID27796501